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雅思听力中最常涉猎到的8大场景话题有哪些?

2018-04-12 18:16

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雅思听力每个部分都有最常考的场景对话。2014-2017年的听力场景设置都遵循官方设定非常稳定。Section1, 2, 3的最高频场景分别为休闲活动,旅游和作业讨论场景



另外根据数据统计,2014-2017年的听力题型设置趋势一致,都是填空题主导,选择题为辅。这个趋势在2018年也将持续,并且填空题占比量有逐年增加的趋势。因此对于考生来说多多加强填空题的训练至关重要。



今天为大家带来听力机经中最常涉猎到的8大场景话题,以及填空题中最常出现的难点词汇。


1

 社会事件场景 

Listening situation: social events (section 2)


雅思听力section 2 中经常会考到一些社会事件,比如说会议、展览、节日等。参加这些社会活动就需要通过网站、单页、通知版、广告等来了解活动的信息、日程安排、主题等详细信息。一些大型会议和活动学生是可以选择参加的,而且还提供住宿和餐饮,一切都只需要在注册的时候声明并且缴纳相应的费用即可。


Events: convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition


Examples: art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show


Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens


Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems


Agenda: dates, timetable


Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits


Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band


Catering: café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue


Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost


2

 环境场景 

Listening situation: environment (section 2/4)


这类单词肯定是大家感觉到比较专业和难于掌握的,并不是需要学员们全部记忆下来,但起码要做到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样才会对全文的听力内容有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。


Atmosphere: oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, sulphur monoxide


Pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste


Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation


Energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas


Recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components


3

 售后修护场景 

Listening situation: repair (section 1)


这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。


What to repair: fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf)


Model type/number


Main problem: leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping


When to repair: immediately, straight away, right now, urgent, next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks, mornings, afternoons (am pm)


Quality warranty: expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years


Compensation: refund, replacement


Payment: cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer


4

 饮食健康场景 

Listening situation: diet and health (section 4)


饮食和健康不但是现在人们越来越关心的问题,也会是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。在Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity,high blood pressure等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。


Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie


Diet: cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat


Cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice


Health: low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis


Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming


5

 医疗预约场景 

Listening situation: medicine (section 1/3 )


这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。比如说family doctor这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。怎样注册一个家庭医生,他们看病怎样收费等都是我们应该去了解的。在国外某些地区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现一些急症没有医生来看的情况。


Doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner


Treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,


Diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee


Medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks


Surgery: operation


Hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice


6

 图书馆场景 

Listening situation: library (section 1/4)


图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,对于这个场景,小编建议大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。除了上课以外,图书馆应该是学生待的时间最长的地方了。国外的书籍价格还是比较高的,尤其是一些专业书籍,所以图书馆比较受欢迎也就理所应当了。


Registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk,registration fee, membership fee


ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter


Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password


Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic


Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues


Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops


Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM


Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian


Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve


Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)


Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing


7

 找工作场景 

Listening situation: job hunting (section 1/2)


边上学边打工是绝大多数学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。如果有机会进入一些大公司当实习生的话必将对未来的工作有很大的帮助。以下是雅思找工作场景中经常考查的细节点,大家要注意哦


Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job


Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint


Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation


Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends, bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas


Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage


Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform


Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab


Magazine reporters: housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine


8

购物场景

Listening situation: shopping (section 2)


在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。对于追逐时尚,喜欢购物的年轻一代而言,如果在购物上失分就比较不给力了,fighting!


Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off


Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products


Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online shopping


Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt


Supermarket: entrance, middle shelf, end of aisles, profitable, expensive, quieter places

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